An earthquake of M 7.8 occurred on the 81 km northwest of the capital city of Kathmandu on April 25, 2015. 8,900 people died, 600,000 houses completely collapsed, and 270,000 were partially destroyed, more than 47,700 classrooms were damaged. Nepal is in the process of recovering from the earthquake. Shanti had carried out emergency relief activities right after April 2015 Nepal earthquake. Emergency relief activities including construction of provisional classroom, installation of drinking water facilities, arrangement of play area for children etc. were carried out. We opened an office in 2016 and have worked on "Strengthening Resilience of Earthquake Affected Schools" so that children can feel safe at school, immediately after the large earthquake in April 2015. We have worked on the disaster affected school reconstruction and disaster prevention education.
Although there were many children who dropped out of school due to seasonal work in agriculture or economic reasons, free education up to the secondary level resulted in a great improvement in access to education. However, there are still remaining problems such as the quality of education, the low adult literacy rate, and widening the gap among region and ethnicity. From 2020, we embarked on improving the quality of education both for in-school learning and out-of-school learning as the next step. We engage in reconstructing and improving community libraries, developing local subject curriculum for regional studies, and nutrition education in cooperation with United Nations World Food Programme (WFP). Through these activities, we aim to bridge the gap among region, ethnicity as well as caste and break a cycle of poverty in Nepal.
2018 Activity Report
Strengthening Resilience of Earthquake Affected Schools in Nuwakot and Rasuwa District
We built three school buildings with 19 classrooms in Nuwakot District. As the new schools were built, 183 students who were studying in the temporary school buildings can now learn in the safe school buildings.
We also set up book corners for three schools targeted for the school building construction, seven schools around the area and four community learning centers. We have conducted the library activity training for teachers three times, which 47 teachers from 12 schools attended. They learned the significance of reading books for development of children, the method to manage the book corner and how to perform the paper theater (Kamishibai) about the disaster risk reduction, as well as about the storytelling with picture books. We published two titles of paper theaters with the title of “Landslide” and “What if an earthquake strikes” and distributed to 26 primary schools and 76 community libraries and learning centers.
Moreover, we conducted evacuation drills in eight schools, which 460 students and 55 teachers attended. Taking an opportunity of the evacuation drill, we held a meeting to explain the school disaster management plan for parents, which 25 school management committee members and parents attended. The upper graders in the 12 targeted schools conducted “community watching” – observing dangerous points in community, drew up community hazard maps and presented them to all the students. 303 students, 45 teachers, 45 members of the school management committee and parents attended the presentation.
2016 Activity Report
Nepal Earthquake Relief Project
Following the last year, we conducted the Nepal Earthquake Relief Project in fiscal 2016.
Bearing in mind the reconstruction project that will begin from now on, we made a discussion with local counterparts and engineers to pursue the possibility to show a model school after earthquake. In Nuwakot District, we have constructed new permanent school buildings (each with 3 classrooms) for two elementary schools (about 200 students in total). The project was negatively impacted by the closure of the Nepal-India border due to the establishment of the new constitution. However, just after the national border blockade was released, we started to purchase building materials, so that the children could start studying in the safe situation as soon as possible.
It was a significant first recovery step for the schools and the community that these new schools were rebuilt in the situation where even the reconstruction project of the Nepal government had not fully started. Taking this opportunity, some schools are making the better operation than before, and planning to submit an application to upgrade the school size to the province administration. Not only the early reconstruction project worked as a physical support, it also gave us a chance to convey to many village people a positive message that recovery is actually going on. Thanks to many people’s support, we were able to successfully complete the project this fiscal year. From now on, we will support the recovery of Nepal under the name of our new Nepal office.